Technologies and Asylum Procedures

  • 12 mesi fa
  • 1

A/Prof Derya Ozkul, Mature Research Associates, Refugee Studies Centre, University of Oxford

Increasingly, systems and methods are being used to streamline asylum procedures. These range from biometric matching machines that assess iris verification and fingerprints to sites for refugees and political refugees to chatbots to help people register protection conditions. These tools are created to make this easier meant for states and agencies to process asylum applications, especially as many systems are currently slowed down because of the COVID-19 outbreak and increasing levels of required displacement.

But they raise a number of human privileges concerns. Some examples are privacy considerations, opaque decision-making, and the potential for biases or equipment errors which may lead to discriminatory outcomes. Additionally they pose significant challenges to migrants and asylum seekers, who are usually already disenfranchised and weak.

Ozkul’s explore explores the ways in which fresh technologies may be used to verify identities and narratives of migrants, allowing them to increase their asylum application process. It also looks at the ways in which these systems can create a particular informational space around migrant workers, and how they configure their particular subjecthood. Next Foucault, your sweetheart argues that such methods are both local and institutional. For example , eyes scanning methods can be seen while an institutional technology, because they require the migrant to enter a specific territory in order to be accepted; while advice algorithms are commercial and global in their results, configuring matters as customers.

As a result, they enact a particular form of hegemonic power above displaced people. This is especially true given the current race to the lower part in asylum policy – with some countries offering bonuses like the Nansen passport to assist in cachette resettling and others impacting restrictive procedures that block the access to territory and force them on dangerous and deadly excursions.

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